Regular Checkups What Tests, When & Why
Regular check ups are very important to maintain a healthy lifestyle and get an early treatment if needed. These tests are not only meant for finding tumors or severe illnesses, but rather detecting if something isn’t going right and getting it checked and controlled. So, here are some of the important tests you need for a regular check up.
- Blood Pressure & Diabetes Test:
You need to regularly check your blood pressure at least twice a year starting from the age of 18 to help maintain a pattern to keep an eye out for any changes. Get tested for diabetes after you have checked with your doctor if you need it or not, and also if your blood pressure is higher than 135/80 or if you’re taking medicine for it.
- Cholesterol Test:
A cholesterol test measures the percentage of fats in your blood, it’s better to check it in your 20’s if you’re at risk for heart disease. So, check with your doctor when do you need to start testing for it.
- Bone Mineral Density Test:
This test is for osteoporosis screening and it’s very important in your late forties after hitting menopause. It’s recommended to have this test on a yearly basis but check with your doctor to know what’s best for you.
- Mammogram and Breast Ultrasound(Breast Cancer Screening):
Mammograms are important in the early detection of breast cancer and taking the necessary measures for it. During your 20’s a clinical test is all you need, and starting your 30’s a yearly mammogram checkup is important. It’s better to have it twice a year after the age of 50, so check with your doctor to see what’s best for you. Also, there are few things you can do at home like looking at your breasts in the mirror to see if they’re their usual size, color and shape without any change or swelling. Do this test once with your hands over your hips and once with your arms raised. if you see any redness, swelling, dimpling or fluids coming from the nipples you need to see your doctor to d the necessary tests.
- Pap Test ( Cervical Cancer Screening):
A pap test is done for an early detection of cervical cancer and it’s better done once every 3 years during your 20’s and later in your 30’s, 40’s and 50’s you can get it once every 5 years. Ask your doctor for what’s best for you.
Remember to ask your doctor about the necessary tests for you during your next visit, or if you have any other concerns as well.